Civil Service Foundation
for High School Students

“The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.”
–Eleanor Roosevelt–

Lumina Talent Enrichment Centre designed the civil services foundation course for school students in order to prepare them to pass UPSC exams in the future. This is a comprehensive course for budding UPSC aspirants to kick start the preparation from school time itself, thereby saving the valuable time.

The Foundation classes are conducted on Second Saturday, Sunday and Public Holidays.

Features of the Course :-

  • Classroom coaching based on NCERT.
  • Newspaper reading and notes preparation.
  • Guided mentorship.
  • Enhance the public speaking skills and analytical capabilities of students.
  • Classes are taken by enthusiastic and dedicated faculty members.
  • Monthly progressive tests.
  • Monthly current affairs magazine.
  • Subject based online MCQ practise tests.
  • Special emphasis on conceptual clarity and answer writing skills.
UPSC Exam Pattern
UPSC Exam Pattern in details

IAS Exam – UPSC Prelims

Sl. No. Name of the Paper Nature of the Paper Duration of the Exam Questions Marks
1 IAS Exam Paper – I: General Studies Merit Ranking Nature 2 Hours 100 200 Marks
2 IAS Exam Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT) Qualifying Nature 2 Hours 80 200 Marks

IAS Exam – UPSC Mains

The second stage of the IAS Exam is called the Mains Exam, which is a written descriptive examination and comprises 9 papers. The 9 papers in IAS Exam (Mains) are as follows: Paper-A (Compulsory Indian Language); Paper –B (English) which are qualifying in nature, while the other papers like Essay, General Studies Papers I, II, III, and IV, and Optional Papers I and II are considered for the final ranking.

Sl. No. IAS Exam Paper Name of the Paper Nature of the Paper Duration of the Exam Marks
1 Paper – A Compulsory Indian Language QUALIFYING NATURE 3 Hours 300 Marks
2 Paper – B English 3 Hours 300 Marks
3 Paper – I ESSAY MERIT RANKING NATURE 3 Hours 250 Marks
4 Paper – II General Studies I 3 Hours 250 Marks
5 Paper – III General Studies II 3 Hours 250 Marks
6 Paper – IV General Studies III 3 Hours 250 Marks
7 Paper – V General Studies IV 3 Hours 250 Marks
8 Paper – VI Optional Paper I 3 Hours 250 Marks
9 Paper – VII Optional Paper II 3 Hours 250 Marks
TOTAL 1750 Marks
  Interview or Personality Test 275 Marks
  GRAND TOTAL 2025 Marks
UPSC Exam Eligibility Criteria

UPSC releases the UPSC Exam Eligibility criteria in the notification. Broadly, you need to qualify the below-mentioned parameters in order to apply for the IAS Exam or the UPSC Civil Services Examination.

IAS Age Limit

21 to 32 years

Age relaxation

As per category (mentioned below)

Educational qualification for UPSC Civil Services

Graduation from any recognized university

Nationality

Indian

UPSC Exam Syllabus for Prelims

General Studies Paper-I

The IAS Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam includes the following topics:

  1. Current Events of National and International Importance.

  2. History of India and Indian National Movement.

  3. Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

  4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

  5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

  6. General Issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization General Science

 

General Studies Paper-II

The GS-II in UPSC Prelims is also known as CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test. The following topics are included in the IAS syllabus for this paper:

  1. Comprehension

  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills

  3. Logica l reasoning and analytical ability

  4. Decision-making and problem solving

  5. General mental ability

  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc., – Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc., – Class X level)

UPSC Exam Syllabus For Main Examination

PAPER-I Essay:

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

PAPER-II General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  1. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature & Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  2. Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

  3. The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

  4. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

  5. History of the World will include events from the 18th century, such as Industrial Revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc., – their forms and effects on the society.

  6. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organizations, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society – Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

  7. Salient features of the world’s physical geography.

  8. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India); Important Geophysical phenomena, such as earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location – changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

PAPER-III General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations.

  1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure.

  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

  3. Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

  4. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries, Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

  5. Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary, Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

  6. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

  7. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

  8. Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

  9. Development processes and the development industry – the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

  10. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Center and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

  11. Issues related to development and management of Social Sector/Services in the field of Health, Education, Human Resources.

  12. Issues related to poverty and hunger.

  13. Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance – applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

  14. Role of Civil Services in a democracy.

  15. India and its neighbourhood – relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

  16. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

  1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

  2. Government Budgeting. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;

  3. E-technology in the aid of farmers Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;

  4. Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

  5. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

  6. Land reforms in India. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

  7. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

  8. Investment models. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievement of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

  9. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

  10. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.

  11. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

  12. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

  13. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

  14. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

PAPER-V General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.

The following broad areas will be covered. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

  1. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

  2. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

  3. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

  4. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.

  5. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

  6. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;

  7. Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. Case Studies on the above issues.

Paper-VI and VII: Optional Paper-I and Optional Paper-II

  1. Optional Subject -Paper I and Paper-II (250 Marks Each ) 

List of Optional Subject for UPSC Exam (Mains)

Optional Subjects are extremely important for UPSC Exam because they account for 500 marks out of a total of 1750 marks in UPSC Main Examination. There are 45+ options for optional subjects including various Literature subject options in the IAS Exam. Here’s the list of all optional subjects available for the UPSC Exam.

Agriculture

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Anthropology

Botany

Chemistry

Civil Engineering

Commerce and Accountancy

Economics

Electrical Engineering

Geography

Geology

History

Law

Management

Mathematics

Mechanical Engineering

Medical Science

Philosophy

Physics

Political Science and International Relations

Psychology

Public Administration

Sociology

Statistics

Zoology

Literature of the following languages are also a part of the UPSC optional subjects for UPSC Mains exam from which you can choose your best suited optional subject for UPSC Exam:

Assamese

Bengali

Bodo

Dogri

Gujarati

Hindi

Kannada

Kashmiri

Konkani

Maithali

Malayalam

Manipuri

Marathi

Nepali

Odia

Punjabi

Sanskrit

Santhali

Sindhi

Tamil

Telugu

Urdu

English

 

 

Interview/Personality Test (275 Marks)

  1. Candidates who are selected after the UPSC Mains Exam move to the next and final phase of the IAS Exam called Personality Test/Interview. Here, the candidates are interviewed by a competent and unbiased board. This board will have the candidate’s DAF (Detail Application Form) with them.

  2. The interview round is held to assess the candidate’s social traits and his interest in current affairs. The motive of the board is to analyze the personal aptness of the candidate for a career in public service

  3. Candidates can give interviews in their preferred language as UPSC will make arrangements for the translators.

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